Macular degeneration, also known as age-related macular degeneration (AMD), is a progressive eye disease. Which means, it gets worse over time. It leads to severe and permanent vision loss in people above the age of 60. While the exact cause for macular degeneration is unknown, it is believed that a combination of hereditary and environmental factors, diet, and smoking can cause the condition to develop as the eye ages.
Macular degeneration usually occurs in both eyes, but that does not mean that the disease progresses at the same pace in both eyes.
Macular degeneration is of two types – dry or atrophic macular degeneration, and wet or neovascular/exudative macular degeneration.